Daftar Kata Irregular Verbs Bahasa Inggris

Definisi dan Penggunaan Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs adalah kata kerja tidak beraturan, yaitu kata kerja yang tidak menggunakan -d, -ed, atau pola ejaan -ied dari kata kerja sederhana masa lalu/past simple (V2) atau past participle (V3). Kata kerja tidak beraturan dalam bentuk V2 dan V3 sama banyaknya, seperti: cut – cut, had – had, let – let, hurt – hurt, fed- fed, sold-sold.

Untuk mengetahui contoh irregular verbs, perhatikan tabel di bawah ini yang berisi daftar kata kerja tidak beraturan (irregular verbs), mulai dari kata kerja bentuk pertama/verb 1, verb 2, dan verb 3 beserta artinya.

Daftar Kata Irregular Verbs

Verb 1 (Infinitive)
Verb 2 (Past Tense)
Verb 3 (Past Participle)
Arti
arise arose arisen muncul, timbul
awake awoke awaken membangunkan, bangun
be was/were been
auxiliary verb (kata kerja bantu)
bear bore borne/born melahirkan, menahan
beat beat beaten memukul, mengalahkan
become became become menjadi
begin began begun mulai
bend bent bent menekukkan, membengkokkan, melipat
bet bet bet bertaruh
bite bit bitten menggigit
bleed bled bled berdarah
blow blew blown meniup, membunyikan
break broke broken memecahkan, mematahkan, merusakkan
bring brought brought membawa
build built built membangun
burn burnt, burned burnt, burned membakar
burst burst burst meledak
buy bought bought membeli
catch caught caught menangkap
choose chose chosen memilih
come came come datang
cost cost cost berharga, seharga
creep crept crept merangkak
cut cut cut memotong
deal dealt dealt membagi, berurusan
dig dug dug menggali
dive dived/dove dived menyelam
do did done melakukan
draw drew drawn menggambar
dream dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed bermimpi
drink drank drunk minum
drive drove driven mengemudi
eat ate eaten makan
fall fell fallen jatuh
feed fed fed memberi makan
feel felt felt merasa
fight fought fought berkelahi
find found found menemukan
fit fitted/fit fitted/fit mencocokkan
flee fled fled melarikan diri
fly flew flown terbang
forbid forbade forbidden melarang
forget forgot forgotten lupa
forgive forgave forgiven memaafkan
get got got/gotten mendapatkan
give gave given memberi
go went gone pergi
grow grew grown tumbuh, berkembang
hang hung hung menggantung (barang)
have had had mempunyai
hear heard heard mendengar
hide hid hidden bersembunyi
hit hit hit memukul
hold held held menyelenggarakan, memegang
hurt hurt hurt menyakiti
keep kept kept menjaga, menyimpan, terus
kneel knelt knelt berlutut
knit knitted/knit knitted/knit merajut
know knew known tahu, mengenali
lay laid laid meletakkan, memasang
lead led led memimpin
lean leaned/leant leaned/leant menyandarkan, bersandar
learn learnt/learned learnt/learned belajar
leave left left meninggalkan
lend lent lent meminjamkan
let let let membiarkan
lie lay lain berbohong
lose lost lost menghilangkan, kehilangan, kalah
make made made membuat
mean meant meant bermaksud, bersungguh-sungguh
meet met met bertemu
mistake mistook mistaken bersalah
misundestand misunderstood misunderstood salah paham
pay paid paid membayar
prove proved proved/proven membuktikan
put put put menyimpan, meletakkan
quit quit quit keluar, berhenti
read /ri:d/ read /red/ read /red/ membaca
reset reset reset memasang kembali
rewind rewound rewound memutar kembali
rid rid rid membersihkan, melemparkan
ride rode ridden mengendarai
ring rang rung berbunyi
rise rose risen terbit, berdiri
run ran run berlari
saw sawed sawn/sawed menggergaji
say said said mengatakan
see saw seen melihat
seek sought sought mencari
sell sold sold menjual
send sent sent mengirim
set set set menyetel
sew sewed sewn/sewed menjahit
shake shook shaken menggelengkan, bergoncang
shed shed shed membuang, menitikkan, me- mancarkan
shine shone shone bersinar
shoot shot shot menembak
show showed shown mempertunjukkan
shrink shrank, shrunk shrunk menyusutkan
shut shut shut menutup
sing sang sung menyanyi
sink sank sunk tenggelam
sit sat sat duduk
sleep slept slept tidur
slide slid slid tergelincir, meluncur
smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled mencium (bau)
speak spoke spoken berbicara
spell spelt/spelled spelt/spelled mengeja
spend spent spent menghabiskan
spin spun spun berputar
spit spat/spit spat/spit meludah
split split split membelah, membagi
spoil spoilt/spoiled spoilt/spoiled manja
spread spread spread melebarkan
spring sprang/sprung sprung membocorkan, membuka, melepaskan
stand stood stood berdiri
steal stole stolen mencuri
stick stuck stuck menempelkan, menikam
strike struck struck mogok, melanggar, menabrak
swear swore sworn berjanji
sweep swept swept menyapu
swim swam swum berenang
swing swung swung berayun
take took taken mengambil
teach taught taught mengajar
tear tore torn merobek
tell told told mengatakan
think thought thought berpikir
throw threw thrown melempar
understand understood understood mengerti
wake woke woken bangun
wear wore worn memakai
weep wept wept menangis
win won won menang
write wrote written menulis
Demikian uraian tentang Daftar Kata Irregular Verbs menurut grammar bahasa Inggris yang dapat dipergunakan untuk menghadapi ujian sekolah, wawancara kerja, tes TOEFL, atau percakapan sehari-hari. Cukup dipahami bukan?

Pelajari juga pembahasan kata kerja (verb) lainnya:
- Auxiliary Verb Modals
- Auxiliary Verbs
- Part of Speech Adverb
- Part of Speech Verb
- Penggunaan Subject-Verb Agreement
- Daftar Kata Irregular Verbs
- Penggunaan Gerund
- Penggunaan Phrasal Verbs
- Membuat Kalimat Adverb dan Adverbial
- Membuat Kalimat Kata Kerja Do
- Membuat Kalimat Kata Kerja Make
- Membuat Kalimat Kata Kerja Modal
- Membuat Kalimat Verbs and Predicates
- Membuat Kalimat Kata Kerja Be

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